Calling out: Joachim I Krueger Ph.D. & Psychologytoday

Liliyan Hassan Call-out Leave a Comment

The article at hand is about trust and it is written by Joachim I Krueger and it is entitled, Evocable Trust—Shall we trust now or later?

In the article, Joachim states,

“If trust is the cooperator’s expectation that the other will cooperate, we have learned that basic expectations of being in the majority matter, as does the dilemma’s payoff structure. When this structure makes the dilemma difficult, those who take the risk of cooperating must strongly expect to have their cooperation reciprocated. This conclusion is a partial vindication for classic game theory in that there is no need for benevolence or other moral sentiments. It is also a vindication of cognitive dissonance theory, which states that thinking sometimes follows acting. This being so, we might ask whether a cooperator’s post-choice expectation to find reciprocation can really be considered a sign of trust, or is it rather a form of blind hope? Trust, after all, comprises an expectation of reciprocity that precedes a behavioral leap (Evans & Krueger, 2009; Luhmann, 2000). If the leap comes before the expectation that this very leap is a risk worth taking, the leap itself cannot have been based on trust.  “

Trust is an aspect of self preservation extending as to account that others have a duty towards us as to not harm us or treat us badly as that would lead to us harming our selves. The duty others have in our regards sets limitations on the will of the person as to differentiate between will and imposition. And in imposing we can say that a person is failing not only their duty towards us but their duty to the nature of the self in general. Failing in the duty we have towards others is not a thing open to negotiation in relation to what it means: it means that imposing is a thing of a crime… it means that imposing is a thing that alters reality and other people’s state of mind… it means that imposing is an attempted murder inflected on one in order to affect many with a calamity… it means that imposition requires of us to stop being ourselves…. and it means that with such behavior, we may be unable to stop as to contemplate given that the altering of reality may not allow us to see such thing clearly which is why in imposing one can say that a person is trying to control the person being imposed upon. Trust becomes an imposition, therefore, as one is put in a position to have no choice but trust others as “others” become a thing of a burden.. although the aspects of what is “bad” changes as for one to say, “slap me in the face but please do not stab me!” as that serves evidence that imposition is bad intentioned leading one to accept a lesser evil than how much worst it can be…where that, in turn, serves evidence that our imagination is being activated as to become an aspect of reality that our lives depend on for accuracy in a live-or-die manner.  What expectations do women have? But first let us remember that if we are merely wishing that we are allowed to live without being punched in the face, that our sense of right and wrong has been infringed upon!

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